Saddle Butte Peoples

Saddle Butte peoples were present in north central Montana from about 800 years A.D. until at least 1,200 years A.D. All areas of the Wahkpa Chu'gn Archaeological Site were used extensively by Saddle Butte peoples both for buffalo kill and campsite activities.

Prairie and Plains side notched arrow point types, which characterize the Saddle Butte people, are slender arrow points differing in form and not as well made as Avonlea points.

Present evidence suggests Saddle Butte peoples in Northern Montana are descendants of early Avonlea peoples in the area who gave up use of the highly distinctive Avonlea points up to 400 years earlier than other neighboring Avonlea groups and may have possibly also gave up parts of the religious ceremonialism which may be associated with the manufacture and use of Avonlea points.

Either Avonlea and/or early Saddle Butte peoples at the Wahkpa Chu'gn site specifically used buffalo corrals. Earlier Besant peoples at Wahkpa Chu'gn also build wooden corral structures, but in a different manner, and not using buffalo skulls.

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