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Native American History

Three different Native American cultural groups used the site at various times in it's history. The three groups are differentiated by the markedly different styles of projectile points used on atlatl darts and arrows used in hunting buffalo.

The earliest of these groups is known as the Besant Complex. Besant peoples used the site extensively a number of times between 2000 and 1760 years ago.

After it's use by Besant Complex peoples the site was abandoned for about a 400 year period. The site was then used by the Avonlea Complex peoples between about 1350 and 900 years ago.

This was followed immediately by the Old Women's Complex peoples (formerly known as Saddle Butte Complex) who continued to use the site until about 355 years ago when the site was finally abandoned.

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